Intra-abdominal Calcifications:  Images

 

fetal abdominal infection such as toxoplasmosis
Above.  Case 1.  Gestational age 20 weeks.  Diffuse intra-abdominal calcifications.  Possibilities include:  fetal infection such as toxoplasmosis, herpes simplex, varicella, CMV, and parvovirus.  Meconium peritonitis is always a possibility, but is usually associated with bowel dilation and ascites.

 

Intra-abdominal calcification Case 1 Diffuse intra-abdominal calcifications - echogenicity is equal to bone
Above.  Case 1.  Gestational age 20 weeks.  Diffuse intra-abdominal calcifications.  Echogenicity is equal to bone in this case.

 

calcifications do not appear to involve the fetal liver Diffuse intra-abdominal calcifications
Above.  Case 1.  Gestational age 20 weeks.  Diffuse intra-abdominal calcifications.  In this case, the calcifications do not appear to involve the fetal liver.

 


Above.  Case 2.  Gestational age 23 weeks.  Single echogenic focus in the liver with echogenicity equal to bone.  No adverse clinical outcome was noted.

 

Intra-Abdominal Calcification Gestational age 23 weeks Calcifications due to meconium peritonitis
Above.  Case 2.  Gestational age 36 6/7 weeks.  Calcifications due to meconium peritonitis.  Note dilated small bowel and fetal ascites.  Meconium peritonitis is one of the most frequent causes of calcifications within the fetal abdomen.

 

intra-abdominal areas of calcification Intra-abdomenal Heterogeneous hepatic tumor mass
Above.  Case 3.  Heterogeneous hepatic tumor mass with areas of calcification.

 

Heterogeneous hepatic tumor mass Heterogeneous hepatic tumor mass with areas of calcification
Above.  Case 3.  Heterogeneous hepatic tumor mass with areas of calcification.